|Title||The dynamics of spatial orientation during complex and changing linear and angular acceleration|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1992|
|Authors||Guedry, F. E., A. H. Rupert, B. J. McGrath, and C. M. Oman|
|Journal||J Vestib Res|
|MVL Report Number||92.36|
|Keywords||*Acceleration, *Orientation, Adult, Female, Gravitation, Human, Male, Movement, Posture/physiology, Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular/*physiology, Space Perception/*physiology, Visual perception|
The dynamics of spatial orientation perception were examined in a series of experiments in which a total of 43 subjects were passively exposed to various combinations of linear and angular acceleration during centrifuge runs. Perceptual effects during deceleration were much stronger than effects during acceleration. The dynamics of spatial orientation perception differed substantially from changes in the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). VOR was fairly well predicted by a current model, but our experiments revealed perceived change in attitude (roll, pitch, yaw tilt position in space) and perceived angular velocity in space that was not reflected by parallel changes in the plane or magnitude of the VOR. This series of experiments establishes several facts concerning spatial orientation perception beyond the predictive domain of any current model. New concepts are needed and several are suggested to deal with changing reactions to complex combinations of linear and angular accelerations.