Yaw sensory rearrangement alters pitch vestibulo-ocular reflex responses

TitleYaw sensory rearrangement alters pitch vestibulo-ocular reflex responses
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsPetropoulos, A. E., 3rd. Wall, C., and C. M. Oman
JournalActa Otolaryngol
Date PublishedSep
MVL Report Number97.11
KeywordsAdaptation, Psychological/physiology, Adult, Human, Male, Neural Pathways/physiology, Neuronal Plasticity/*physiology, Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular/*physiology, Rotation, Signal Transduction/physiology, Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S., Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Ten male subjects underwent two types of adaptation paradigm designed either to enhance or to attenuate the gain of the canal-ocular reflex (COR), before undergoing otolith-ocular reflex (OOR) testing with constant velocity, earth horizontal axis and pitch rotation. The adaptation paradigm paired a 0.2 Hz sinusoidal rotation about an earth vertical axis with a 0.2 Hz optokinetic stimulus that was deliberately mismatched in peak velocity or phase and was designed to produce short-term changes in the COR. Preadaptation and postadaptation OOR tests occurred at a constant velocity of 60 degrees/sec in the dark and produced a modulation component of the slow phase velocity with a frequency of 0.16 Hz due to otolithic stimulation by the sinusoidally changing gravity vector. Of the seven subjects who showed enhancement of the COR gain, six also showed enhancement of the OOR modulation component. Of the seven subjects who showed attenuation of the COR gain, five also showed attenuation of the OOR modulation component. The probability that these two cross-axis adaptation effects would occur by chance is less than 0.02. This suggests that visual-vestibular conditioning of the yaw axis COR also induced changes in the pitch axis OOR. We thus postulate that the central nervous system pathways that process horizontal canal yaw stimuli have elements in common with those processing otolithic stimuli about the pitch axis.